Dr Igor Calzada, MBA, FeRSA

Smart Cities, City-Regions, Devolution, and Social Innovation

His research and policy work is concerned with the crossroads between Territories, Social Innovation, Data-Driven Cities, Strategy, and Governance. Hence, his main research focuses on comparing processes in City-Regions and Smart Cities.


Dr Igor Calzada, MBA, FeRSA, is an academic working as Lecturer, Senior Research Fellow, and Policy Adviser in Urban Transformations and the Future of Cities at the:

He also has experience outside academia working with stakeholders in the public, private and civic society sectors. In the public sector, he has held the positions of Director of Research for the Basque Regional Government (2008-2010), Scientific Director of the City-Region Congress (2012) and Political Innovation Summer School in the University of the Basque Country (2015). In the private sector, he has worked at the Mondragon Co-operative Corporation Group for more than a decade (2002-2015) and as a Deputy Manager of SMEs (1997-2002). In order to disseminate social and political research analysis, he collaborates as popularizer with some media.

He has delivered keynotes and carried out fieldwork research internationally:


His main research interests are comparing social, technological, economic, democratic and politically innovative processes in cities and regions by paying special attention to cases and issues of regional and metropolitan devolution. In particular, he is focused on investigating European City-Region and Smart City benchmarking case studies through the application of qualitative and action research methods.

What specific 4 questions does his research address?

  • Smart Devolution: How can we capture conceptually this new dynamic within existing nation-states that goes beyond plurinationality, employing imaginative and entrepreneurial ways of political and policy mechanisms within nation-states to identify and pursue “smart” avenues of timely, subtle political strategies for change in the current re-foundation momentum embracing the EU?
  • Pervasive Metropolitanisation: Given that supranational institutions such the EU (H2020), the UN (Habitat), and the OECD are focusing on the fact that the governance mechanism should strongly consider the urban transformative dimension when it comes to policy architecture and design, how could the pervasive and dynamic metropolitanisation processes be researched in light of the increasing importance of paradiplomacy and the cities and subnational actors (regions) becoming international actors themselves?
  • Transitional & Experimental (Smart) Cities: Given the so-called smart city dominance in sustainable urban development these days, how could we implement a multi-stakeholder (Calzada, 2016) smart city alternative and more inclusive governance approach by considering the entire range of metropolitan and regional agents involved (based on the penta-helix model consisting of the interdependency between the private sector, the public sector, academia, civic society. and entrepreneurs)? What are the practical and/or political interventions needed? How can Urban Living Labs help to re-locate the smart city debate in a broader and bolder innovative debate?
  • Techno-politics of Data Governance: Given the context of hyper-connected societies (Morozov, 2012), how can we prompt critical methodological advancements for data analytics and data governance models to empower democracy from a new triad made up of techno-politics, networks, and citizenship?

He is working in two main research fields:

1.- The first research field is about City-Regions:

2.- The second research field is about Smart Cities:

At the EU level, currently, he is also conducting research on comparative metropolitan smart city-regional case studies in various projects in permanent collaboration with European partners (HEI, public authorities, private firms, civic groups, and so on):

In addition, there are three main research fields that he is combining in an eclectic mix: Territories, Social Innovation, Strategy & Governance. He summaries this mix as: Smart City-Regional Comparative International Interdisciplinary Applied Research.

In the last decade or so, there has been a proliferation of literature on new forms of urban and regional governance (Brenner et al, 2014; Keating et al, 2014; Herrschel, 2014). His main concern is about how territories behave in this new scenario, taking into account that the main analytical unit is the Region.

His research aims to understand the City-Region concept comparatively while gathering eight evidence-based case studies with the research project: ‘Benchmarking Future City-Regions’. Different case studies articulate their city-regionalism features in a diverse way, he aims to analyze what these features are and how they relate to each other systemically. He is conducting field work qualitative research applying the 5-System City-Region Framework.

He is interested in the controversial way territories are defined and are objects of diverse policy-making processes. Not only he is interested in the nature of the city-regions comparatively speaking, but also how controversial the definition of the territorial unit could be. As an example, he is observing a Smart City idea and application from the Critical Social Innovation perspective which means that a new paradigm is required when urban bottom-up interventions are going to be the key governance challenge in the postgrowth era.

  • Action Research Methodologies: Qualitative, Comparative & Strategic/Ethnographic.

He carries out action research methodology is a resourceful way to attempt to understand the dynamics of emerging topics such as these, in which unprecedented facts are to be studied by following-up news, reviewing policy papers and reports, reading academic papers and at the same time gathering qualitative data via interviews; the goal is to remain up to day and show new results as they emerge in this on-going research process.

At the moment, he is interested in the following topics:

  • (Smart) Territories
    • Smart Cities? Replicability vs City-to-City Learning, New Cities, Smart Rural Communities, Rural Living Labs, Open Platforms, Techno-politics of Data, DataViz, Urban Dashboards & Big/Open Data
    • City-Regions: Comparative Territorial Studies and Smart Devolution
    • Pervasive Metropolitanisation Processes: Political Regionalism
    • Global Sustainable City-Regions
    • Urban Transformations: Urban Commons, Multi-stakeholder schemes, and Helix Thinking
    • Hyper-Connected Societies vs Unplugging
  • (Social) Innovation

    • Applied & Scientific approach: Digital Social Innovation
    • Transitional and Experimental Smart Cities: Urban Living Labs
    • Smart Tourism Labs
    • Social Capital & Social Entrepreneurship
    • Political Geography & Economy
  • (Strategic) Governance

    • Territorial Prospective & Strategic Planning
    • Collective Intelligence
    • Local Governance, Citizen Participation & Communitarian Development
    • Action Research Methodologies
    • Political Innovation: Civic Nationalism, Sovereignty, Stateless Small Nations, Identity, Constitutional Change, Self-government, The Right to Decide, Devolution & Independence.


He has been presented with 10 Research Fellowships and Awards from 2008 to the present time to research on Regional Comparative Studies:

  1. 2017: Awarded as Fellow of the Regional Studies Association, FeRSA.
  2. 2016: Visiting Research Fellowship by Brussels Centre for Urban Studies (BCUS), Cosmopolis Research & POLI Political Science Dep at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)
  3. 2016-2019: Urban Transformations ESRC portfolio European Branch (University of Oxford, UT – COMPAS)
  4. 2016-2018: Regional Studies Association RSA Research Network core member (University of Oxford, UT- COMPAS)
  5. 2014-2015: Regional Studies Association RSA Early Career Grant (University of Oxford, FoC- COMPAS)
  6. 2014: Postdoctoral Research Fellowship by the Basque Government & Ikerbasque (University of Oxford & Deusto)
  7. 2013: Postdoctoral Research Fellowship by the Basque Government & Ikerbasque (University of Oxford, FoC- COMPAS)
  8. 2012: Postdoctoral Research Fellowship by the Basque Government & Ikerbasque (University of Oxford, FoC- InSIS)
  9. 2009-2010: Doctoral Research Fellowship by Caja Madrid Foundation (University of Nevada – USA)
  10. 2008-2009: Doctoral Research Award by the Spanish Princess (University of Nevada – USA)

He has been appointed in the following professional posts:

Alongside his educational qualifications are as follows:

He is/has been member of the following institutions by presenting this professional qualifications:


  • Since 2017: Member of the new journal ‘Territories: A Trans-Cultural Journal of Regional Studies’. E-Scholarship, University of California.


Recently he was appointed as a Senior Policy Adviser for the following projects in the field of (Smart) City & Regional Policies:

  1. 2016-2021: EU-H2020-SCC-01-2015-691735-Lighthouse. ‘REPLICATE: REinassance of PLaces with Innovative Citizenship And TEchnology by the European Commission, Horizon 2020 – Research and Innovation Framework Programme. Lighthouse cities: St Sebastian (Spain), Bristol (UK), Firenze (Italy), Essen (Germany), Laussane (Switzerland) and Nilüfer (Turkey). WP8 Replication leader (Univ. Oxford): City-to-city learning & Benchmarking.
  2. 2017: Ayuda en Acción (NGO). ‘Smart Rural Communities‘. (Latin America: Colombia & Africa: Mozambique).
  3. 2017: Municipality of Zumaia. ‘Smart Tourism Labs in the Basque Geopark of Unesco in the village of Zumaia, Basque Country (Spain).’
  4. 2016-2017: EUDEL, Basque Municipalities’ Association with LKS Consultancy for the Basque Regional Government. ‘Strategic Smart City-Regional Bottom-Up Strategy of Basque Autonomy’s Municipalities‘/La Estrategia Vasca de Territorio Inteligente en el Contexto Europeo Horizonte 2020: De la Agenda Digital Municipal a la Gobernanza de la Ciudad-Región Inteligente Vasca’. (Spain)
  5. 2016: Future Cities Catapult. ‘Smartness for Prosperity: UK & Brazil‘ Research Executive Advisor in the joint venture research project with MACI Innovation in Projects. (UK)
  6. 2015-2016: EU-Marie Curie Actions – Cofund Regional Programmes (AYD-000-268). Comparing Smart City-Regional Governance Strategies: Bilbao, Barcelona, Bristol & Glasgow‘ (2015-2016). (Spain)
  7. 2015: EU-FP7-314679-STEP UP Smart City Plan MSc Global Sustainable Cities Master Lecturer Energy Planning for Cities Smart City Master Plan for four EU Cities: Glasgow (Scotland-UK), Riga (Latvia), Gothenburg (Sweden) and Ghent (Belgium).
  8. 2014-2015: EU-FP7-314277-STEEP Smart City Plan Advisory Board project member funded by the EU FP7-314277: Systems Thinking for comprehensive city Efficient Energy Planning Smart City Master Plan for three EU Cities: St Sebastian (Spain)(leader), Bristol (UK) and Florence (Italy).
  9. 2015-2017: EU COST Evaluator: Urban Development, Rural Communities, Societal Resilience & Urban Networks.
  10. 2010-2015: Gipuzkoa Sarean New Governance (relationship) Model for Territorial Development of Gipuzkoa. Collaboration agreement between the Gipuzkoa Province Council (Basque Country – Spain) and the University of Oxford (UK)
  11. 2014-2015: City Performance report by Urban Land Institute, Säid Business School, Department of Land Economy of the University of Cambridge and Future of Cities – COMPAS, University of Oxford (UK).
  12. 2015: Fomento San Sebastian City ‘Social Innovation Strategy: Sharing Economy & Youth Employment (Basque Country – Spain).
  13. 2015: Elhuyar Consutancy & Gipuzkoa Province Council ‘Social Innovation & Local Development for the Territorial Strategy‘ Policy Paper (Basque Country – Spain).
  14. 2014-2015: BIA Bilbao Bizkaia Architecture Urban Regeneration Forum Scientific Committee member funded by BBK (Basque Country – Spain)
  15. 2015: Curator/Coordinator of the Special Series Between Independence & Re-centralisation: Political Innovation in an Age of Devolution at Politics in Spires by the University of Cambridge & Oxford, Departments of Politics (UK) funded by Social Science Division at the University of Oxford (UK).
  16. 2015: Co-Director of the Political Innovation: Constitutional Change, Self-Government, The Right to Decide and Independence. Summer School 9-10 July 2015 in the University of the Basque Country EHU-UPV (Spain).
  17. 2014: Organizer of the #Unplugging: Beyond Hyper-Connected Societies Workshop funded by TORCH, The Oxford Research Centre in the Humanities, University of Oxford (UK).
  18. 2014-2015: Science popularizer and analyst in the following media: TEDx Montevideo 2015, El País ‘Seres Urbanos’, ETB ‘Azpimarra’ TV, Euskalerria Irratia Radio ‘Metropoli Forala’, Euskonews, AberriBerri, Berria and Norabidea.

His hobbies are three: (1) he plays and sings in Basque & English as performing songwriter with the nickname FasTFatum, (2) jogs or runs half-marathons hashtaging as #7MilesJog & (3) loves coffee and his favorite color is green.


  1. Calzada, I. (2017), Do Digital Social Networks Foster Civilian Participation among Millennials? Kitchenware Revolution and 15M Cases.
  2. Calzada, I. & Herrschel, T. (2017), Metropolitanisation in European Small Stateless City-Regional Nations.
  3. Calzada, I. & Cowie, P. (2017), Beyond Data-Driven Smart City-Regions? Rethinking Stakeholder-Helixes Strategies. Regions 308 (ISSN: 1367-3882). [In print]
  4. Calzada, I. (2017), Problematizing and Politicizing Smart City-Regions: Is Devolution Smart?, Territorio, Special Issue ‘From Smart City to Smart Region. Meanings, Governance, Policies and Projects’(ISSN: 1825-8689)
  5. Calzada, I. (2017), Metropolitan and City-Regional Politics in the Urban Age: Why Does ‘(Smart) Devolution’ Matter?. Palgrave Communications in Special Issue ‘Politics of the Urban Age‘ 3:17094. DOI: 10.1057/palcomms.2017.94. (ISSN: 2055-1045).
  6. Calzada, I. (2017), Metropolitan and Post-national Urbanity Beyond (Pluri)Nation(al)-States in the EU: Benchmarking Scotland, Catalonia and the Basque Country, Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe 13(1): 51-78 (ISSN: 1617-5247).
  7. Calzada, I. (2017), Urbanitat postnacional més enllà de l’estat (pluri)nacio(nal) en la UE: comparant Escòcia, Catalunya / Urbanidad Post-national Más Allá de los Estados-(Pluri)Nación(ales) en la UE: Comparativa entre Escocia, Catalunya y el País Vasco, Debats 131(1): 51-63. Special Issue ‘Monogràfic Plurinacionalitat, federalisme i sobiranies a l’Estat espayol: mirades creuades‘ (ISSN: 0212-0585).
  8. Calzada, I. (2017), The Techno-Politics of Data and Smart Devolution in City-Regions: Comparing Glasgow, Bristol, Barcelona, and Bilbao. Systems Journal 5(1): 1-18. Special Issue ‘Smart Cities and Regions as Systems of Innovation’ (ISSN 2079-8954). DOI: 10.3390/systems5010018
  9. Calzada, I. (2016), (Un)Plugging Smart Cities with Urban Transformations: Towards Multistakeholder City-Regional Complex Urbanity? URBS, Revista de Estudios Urbanos y Ciencias Sociales Journal 6(2): 25-45. (ISSN: 2014-2714). Retrieved from: http://www2.ual.es/urbs/index.php/urbs/article/view/calzada.
  10. Casado, A. & Calzada, I. (2015), Demos-Ethos: A Framework to Study the Icelandic and Basque Cases through Critical Social Innovation and Applied Ethics. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research 28(4): 425-442. DOI: 10.1080/13511610.2015.1089472.
  11. Calzada, I. (2015), Benchmarking Future City-Regions beyond Nation-States. RSRS Regional Studies Regional Science 2(1): 350-361. DOI: 10.1080/21681376.2015.1046908.
  12. Calzada, I. & Cobo, C. (2015), Unplugging: Deconstructing the Smart City. Journal of Urban Technology 22(1): 23-43. DOI: 10.1080/10630732.2014.971535.
  13. Hennig, B. D. & Calzada, I. (2015), In Focus: Regions between Recentralisation and Independence. Political Insight  6(1): 20-21. DOI: 10.1111/2041-9066.12083.
  14. Calzada, I. (2015), Benchmarking Cross-Border City-Regions: Basque and Øresund Comparative Territorial Connection. Regions 297(1): 4-8. DOI: 10.1080/13673882.2015.11431633.
  15. Calzada, I. (2014), The Right to Decide in Democracy between Recentralisation and Independence: Scotland, Catalonia and the Basque Country. Regions 296(4): 7-8. DOI: 10.1080/13673882.2014.11431613.
  16. Calzada, I. (2013), Critical Social Innovation in the Smart City era for a City-Regional European Horizon 2020. Journal of Public Policies & Territory P3T 2(6): 1-20.

  • BOOKS (9):
  1. Calzada, I. (2018), Benchmarking City-Regions, Regions and Cities Series, London and New York: Routledge. ISBN (Hardback): 978-1-138-93258-6 and eISBN: 978-1-315-67917-4 [Forthcoming].
  2. Satyam, A. & Calzada, I. (2017), The Smart City Transformations. The Revolution of the 21st Century. New Delhi, New York, Sydney and London: Bloomsbury Academic and Professional Publishing. ISBN-10: 9386349043 & ISBN-13: 978-9386349040.
  3. Calzada, I. & Bildarratz, J. (Eds.)(2015), Political Innovation: Constitutional Change, Self-Government, The Right To Decide & Independence, Zumaia: TransLoKal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making – Publishing. ISBN (paperback): 978-84-942752-4-1 & (ebook): 978-84-942752-6-5. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.13761.76645.
  4. Calzada, I. (2015), PostIndependence, Zumaia: TransLoKal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making – Publishing. ISBN (e-book): 978-84-942752-3-4. [In Print]
  5. Calzada, I. (2014), PostIndependentzia > #HanIzanikHonaGara, Zumaia: TransLoKal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making – Publishing. ISBN (e-book): 978-84-942752-1-0 & ISBN (paperback): 978-84-942752-2-7. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.33265.28007.
  6. Calzada, I., Chautón, A. & Di Siena, D. (2013), MacroMesoMicro: Systemic Territory Framework from the perspective of Social Innovation. ISBN: 978-84-616-5217-4.
  7. Calzada, I., Chautón, A. & Di Siena, D. (2013), MacroMesoMicro: Marco Sistémico de Territorio desde la Innovación Social. ISBN: 978-84-616-7546-3.
  8. Calzada, I. (2011a), Towards the Basque City-Region: Comparative Territorial Benchmarking from the Social Innovation. Portland & Dublin case studies. Zamudio: Innovation Basque Agency, Innobasque, 2011. Depósito Legal: BI-3114/2011. CC 3.0. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22360.08960.
  9. Calzada, I.  (2011b), ¿Hacia una Ciudad Vasca? Aproximación desde la Innovación Social. Vitoria-Gasteiz: Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco. ISBN: 978-84-457-3180-2. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.20682.36801.

  1. Calzada, I. (2018), Political Regionalism in the Age of Devolution in Europe: Metropolitanisation and the Right to Decide. In Anssi Paasi, John Harrison and Martin Jones (eds), Handbook on the Geographies of Regions and Territories. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing. [In Print]
  2. Calzada, I. (2017) From Smart Cities to Experimental Cities? In Vincenzo Mario Bruno Giorgino and Zachary David Walsh (eds), Co-Designing Economies in Transition: Radical Approaches in Dialogue with Contemplative Social Sciences. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. [In Print]
  3. Calzada, I. (2016) (Un)Plugging Smart Cities with Urban Transformations [A Critical & Constructive View], In Satyam, A. & Calzada, I. (2016), The Smart City Transformations. The Revolution of the 21st Century. New Delhi, New York, Sydney and London: Bloomsbury Academic and Professional Publishing. [In Print]
  4. Calzada, I. (2016), Independentziaz (independentziarekin), Chapter in the Book Uranga, M. (Ed.) Erabakitzeko eskubidea, botere eragilea, burujabetasuna. Bilbao: Sorzain argitaletxea.
  5. Calzada, I. (2015), Introduction: Zubigintza/Bridging, Basque Political Innovation, In Calzada, I. & Bildarratz, J. Political Innovation: Constitutional Change, Self-Government, The Right To Decide & Independence. Zumaia: TransLoKal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making – Publishing. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3799.1125.
  6. Calzada, I. (2015), Conclusion: Towards Basque Political Innovation. Building a Strategic Roadmap, In Calzada, I. & Bildarratz, J. Political Innovation: Constitutional Change, Self-Government, The Right To Decide & Independence. Zumaia: TransLoKal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making – Publishing. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2226.2481.
  7. Calzada, I. (2013), Knowledge Building & Organizational Behaviour: Mondragon Case, In Moulaert, F., MacCallum, D., Mehmood, A. and Hamdouch, A. International Handbook of Social Innovation.  Social innovation: Collective action, Social learning and Transdisciplinary research. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (UK) Publishing. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.30748.69766.
  8. Gutierrez-Rubí, A., Espelt, R. & Calzada, I. (2013), Nación-Red: ¿De la nación a la comunidad virtual? Universitat de Lleida, ISBN: 978-84-939066-6-5.
  9. Calzada, I. & Barandiaran, K. (2013), ¿Hacia un Modelo de Gestión de Museos en Red (MGMenRed)? PostCrisis, Benchmarking y Euskal Hiria, In Arrieta, I. (ed): Reinventando los Museos los Museos, Bilbao, Universidad del País Vasco, pp. 201-223. ISBN: 978-84-9860-764-2. Lege gordailua/Depósito legal: BI 2232-2012.
  10. Calzada, I. & Barandiaran, K.  (2011), Gestión de Museos en red (GMenRed): Hacia un Modelo de Gestión Museo 2.0, In Asensio, M. (ed): Lazos de Luz Azul. Museos y Tecnologías 1, 2 y 3.0, Barcelona, Universitat  Oberta de Catalunya, pp.129-138.

  1. Calzada, I. (2017), Smart Rural Communities in Colombia and Mozambique. Ed. Ayuda en Acción, Zumaia: Translokal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making y University of Oxford. ISBN: 978-84-946385-2-7.
  2. Keith, M. & Calzada, I. (2017), European Urban Living Labs As Experimental City-to-City Learning Platforms, Urban Transformations ESRC report on 13th February 2017 Workshop entitled ‘Experimenting with Urban Living Labs (ULLs) Beyond Smart City-Regions’. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.20968.47361.
  3. Keith, M. & Calzada, I. (2016), European Smart Citizens as Decision Makers Rather Thank Data Providers, Urban Transformations ESRC report on 14th November 2016 Workshop entitled ‘(Un)Plugging Data in Smart City-Regions‘. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.11175.14240.
  4. Calzada, I. (2016), Basque Smart City-Region Strategy in the H2020 European Context / La Estrategia Vasca de Territorio Inteligente en el Contexto Europeo Horizonte 2020: De la Agenda Digital Municipal a la Gobernanza de la Ciudad-Región Inteligente Vasca – HERRI-SMARTIK commissioned by EUDEL (Basque Municipalities’ Association), LKS Consultancy and the Basque Regional Government, Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Information Society Department. Zumaia: Translokal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making. ISBN: 978-84-946385-1-0.
  5. Calzada, I. (2016), (Un)Plugging Smart Cities Transformations and Strategies in Europe, Harvard University Whitepaper contribution given on 13th October at 2016 Strategic Innovation Summit: Smart Cities Europe held by the Dublin City Council and the Technology and Entrepreneurship Center at Harvard University in Dublin, Maynooth University. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34524.80000.
  6. Calzada, I. & McAdam, G. (2016), Smartness for Prosperity: Brazil & UK   Policy report commissioned by Future Cities Catapult in collaboration with MACI Innovation in Projects. Zumaia: Translokal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making – Publishing, Donostia. ISBN: 978-84-942752-9-6. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1074.0087.
  7. Calzada, I. (Ed) [Candel, M., Fritsche, L., Hui, D., Islam, O., Issar, S., Kamwanja, A., Lucy, L., Mueller, R., Piamsawat, N., Riekkinen, V. & Sampson, R.] (2017), Global Sustainable City-Regions: Stockholm, Berlin, Kolkata, Abu Dhabi/Masdar, Bengaluru, Malawi, Belfast, Hong Kong, Seoul, Helsinki and Scotland, Zumaia: Translokal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making – Publishing, Donostia in collaboration with Institute for Future Cities, University of Strathclyde. ISBN (e-book): 978-84-946385-0-3. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.14958.72000/2.
  8. Calzada I. (Ed) [MacDonald, K., Qiu, N., Dynes, C., Murray, G., Watson-Puskas, N., McAdam, G., & Barrett, F.] (2016), Global Sustainable City-Regions: Mumbai, Shenzhen, Reykjavik, Portland, Budapest, Glasgow and Rotterdam, Zumaia: Translokal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making – Publishing, Donostia in collaboration with City Protocol Society & Institute for Future Cities, University of Strathclyde. ISBN (e-book): 978-84-942752-7-2. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3053.1609.
  9. Calzada, I. (2016), Decálogo de Innovación Social Abierta y Estratégica en Acción en el Ecosistema de Donostia-San Sebastián, Zumaia: Translokal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making in collaboration with Fomento San Sebastián / Donostiako Sustapena. Donostia-St. Sebastian (Basque Country – Spain) on 26th October 2015. ISBN: 978-84-942752-8-9.
  10. Calzada, I. (2015), Gizarte Berrikuntza: Lurraldegintza Estrategikorako. Policy Paper < > Politika-Txostena. Ikerketa Estrategikoa. BeteBerritzen Proiektua. [Elhuyar Aholkularitza, Gipuzkoa Foru Aldundia eta Beterri]. Zumaia: TransLoKal – Academic Entrepreneurship for Policy Making – Publishing, Donostia. ISBN: 84-942752-5-9.
  11. Calzada, I. (Coord.) (2007), Creative Society. Edit. Mik (DVD).
  12. Calzada, I. (Coord.) (2006), Creative Capital. Edit. Mik (DVD).
  13. Calzada, I. (Coord.) (2005), The Future of Work. The Work of the Future. Edit. Mik.

  1. Calzada, I. (2017), Unplugging, Smart Devolution and Technopolitics of Data, panelist at Smart City Expo World Congress Barcelona 2017, Barcelona (Spain), 14-16th November.
  2. Calzada, I. (2017), Local Governance and Regional Development, discussant at the EWCR European Week of Cities and Regions in Brussels, 10-12rd October.
  3. Calzada, I. (2017), The ‘right’ political scale for city participation, Bilbao (Spain), 10th November.
  4. Calzada, I. (2017), Basque City-Region, Smart Cities and Urban Entrepreneurship, keynote at the 1st International Architecture Biennial: Mugak, Fronteras, Boundaries and Frontières in St Sebastian (Spain), 9th November.
  5. Calzada, I. (2017), The Missing Smart City(-Regional) Link? Towards A Social Innovation Bottom-Up Regional Policy Decalogue (in H2020), How and under what conditions can smart cities create employment and economic growth in the regions where they are introduced? Smart Cities and Regional Development panel, panelist at Nordic Edge Expo 2017, Smart Happiness, Stavanger (Norway), 28th September.
  6. Calzada, I. (2017), Democratising Smart Cities: Urban Commons, paper will be presented at the Spatial Smartness, Third Conference of the RSA Research Network on Smart City-Regional Governance for Sustainability, Gdansk (Poland), on 21-22 September.
  7. Calzada, I. (2017), Scaling Migration in European City-Regions, Bridging European Urban Transformations Workshop Series in, 11th September.
  8. Calzada, I. (2017), Keynote Speaker, Tourism in Smart Cities? Effects from the Urban Transformations Perspective, in the Conference The Visitors’ Economy: Strategies and Innovations: Smart Tourism, Smart Cities, Smart Living, Bournemouth (UK), 4th-7th September.
  9. Calzada, I. (2017), Transforming Smart Cities with Social Innovation: Penta Helix Multi-Stakeholders Framework, paper will be presented in the SS21 Beyond Smart & Data-Driven City-Regions? Rethinking Stakeholder-Helixes Strategies, in the RSA (Regional Studies Association) Annual Conference 2017, Dublin (Ireland), 6th June.
  10. Calzada, I. (2017), Politics of the urban age: who governs the future of cities? Panel discussion hosted by Springer Nature/Palgrave Macmillan on May 25, 2017 from 15:00-17:00 on London King’s Cross campus of SpringerNature.
  11. Calzada, I. (2017), Keynote Speaker, La Europa de ‘Nuestras’ Ciudades: El Poder ‘TransloKal’ de ‘Lo Pequeño’, in the Getxo Europa 2017 Conference, Getxo, Basque Country (Spain), on 10th May 2017.
  12. Calzada, I. (2017), Keynote Speaker, ¿La Cultura como Herramienta de Innovación?/Culture a Tool for Innovating?, in the Conferencia Estatal de la Cultura/Culture National Conference, Valladolid (Spain).
  13. Calzada, I. & Arranz, A. (2017), Translocal Strategies for Experimenting with Smart Tourism Labs in Zumaia: The Case of the Basque Coast Geopark, Basque Country (Spain), paper accepted and published in the Proceedings in the 1st UNWTO World Conference on Smart Destinations, Murcia (Spain).
  14. Calzada, I. (2016), Keynote Speaker, Translocal Strategies: Connecting (Talented) Citizens in (Smart) Remote Regions, SmartTravel Conference 2016, Bragança (Portugal).
  15. Calzada, I. (2016), Seminar Speaker, (Un)Plugging Smart Cities? Transitions, Governance and Devolution. at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels Centre for Urban Studies on 17th November 2016 in Brussels (Belgium).
  16. Calzada, I. & Cobo, C. (2016), Workshop conductors, Educación para la Innovación y el Emprendimiento (Social): Ciudadanos Makers, WeekINN- St Sebastian City Council’s Innovation Week Programme on 25th October 2016 in St Sebastián (Spain).
  17. Calzada, I. (2016), Keynote Speaker, (Un)Plugging Smart City Transformations & Strategies in Europe, 2016 Strategic Innovation Summit: Smart Cities Europe held by the Dublin City Council and the Technology and Entrepreneurship Center at Harvard University on 13th October 2016 in Dublin (Ireland).
  18. Calzada, I. (2016), Keynote Speaker. Unplugging Smart City-Regional Governance Strategies in Europe, First Conference Smart City-Regional Governance for Sustainability RSA Research Network. ‘Experimental Smartness’ on 6-7th October 2016 in Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Dresden (Germany).
  19. Calzada, I. (2016), Keynote Speaker. Smartness/Prosperity: In/Visible Citizens In Visible Cities. Edinburgh, 23rd September, organised by Rowan Alba NGO & MACI Innovation in Projects. (Scotland-UK)
  20. Calzada, I. (2016), Keynote Speaker. Defining Smart City Governance, TM Forum Smart City InFocus, Yinchuan (China).
  21. Calzada, I. (2016), Lectureship. Smart Cities: Definition and Case Studies, Summer Course on Best Sustainable Practice at the Future of Cities Programme, University of Oxford. (England-UK)
  22. Calzada, I. (2016), Keynote Speaker. The Identity of the European Cities, Summer School organised jointly by Bilbao Metropolitan Agency and St Sebastian Strategic Plan Office, 11-12nd July into the Miramar Palace Summer School. (Basque Country-Spain)
  23. Calzada, I. (2016), Comparing Smart Cities in Brazil & UK: Smartness & Prosperity, at the Environmental Governance for Sustainable Urban Transformation Workshop that will take place in Brasilia (Brazil) on 4-8th July funded by Newton Fund and the British Council.
  24. Calzada, I. (2016), Keynote Speaker. Planning Africa 2016: Planning for Smart Urban Transformations through A Comparative City Regional Approach, 7th Planning Africa Conference organised by SAPI (South African Planning Institute), ‘Making Sense of the Future’, Johannesburg, Gauteng (South Africa).
  25. Calzada, I. (2016), Keynote Speaker. (Un)Plugging Smart Cities with Urban Transformations. In: Schrenk, M.; Popovich, V. V.; Zeile, P.; Elisei, P., Beyer, C. (Eds.): Smart me up! How to become and how to stay a Smart City, and does this improve quality of life? Proceedings of REAL CORP 2016, 21st International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society GeoMultimedia. Hamburg (Germany), 2016. ISBN 978-3-9504173-0-2 (CD), 978-3-9504173-1-9 (print) DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4723.8003
  26. Calzada, I. (2016), Comparing Cross-Bordering City-Regional Strategies beyond Nation-States in Oresund and the Basque Country, paper will be presented at the 15th Border Regions in Transition (BRIT) Conference Cities, States and Borders: From the Local to the Global Hamburg (Germany) – Sonderborg (Denmark). 17-20 May 2016. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1565.5285
  27. Calzada, I., Moncusí, A., Irujo, M., Rius, J., Castelló, R., (2016), ¿Estado Plurinacional? Miradas Cruzadas desde Euskadi, Navarra, Catalunya, País Valencià i Europa, panel convened at the University of Valencia on 8th April.
  28. Calzada, I. (2016), Keynote Speaker. Smart (City)-Regions: Territorial & Urban Transformations, delivered in Vilanova i la Geltru (Garraf, Barcelona), Catalonia, organised by the Neàpolis (Public Innovation Agency), Province Council of Barcelona and the Catalan Government – Generalitat de Catalunya on 6th April.
  29. Calzada, I., Goikoetxea, J. & Soto, I. (2016), Independentzia: Nola eta Nondik?, panel convened by Ezkerraberri Foundation on 10th March (Bilbao).
  30. Calzada, I. (2016), Comparing Smart City-Regional Governance Strategies in Bristol, Glasgow, Bilbao & Barcelona, paper was given at the Oxford Programme for the Future of Cities conference on ‘Urban Governance and its Discontents’ Panel 2 – Governing the city: where do infrastructure, democracy and social justice meet? on 18th February 2016 at the University of Oxford (UK). DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2091.9448.
  31. Calzada, I. (2016), Comparing EU Cities on Smart City-Regional Governance, paper was given at the 7th Annual Smart Energy UK & Europe 2016 Conference on 29th January 2016 in London (UK). DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2354.0887.
  32. Calzada, I. (2015), Political & Social Innovation in the Age of Devolution and Smartness in Cities, at the Wise and Smart Cities: Knowing and Strengthening the ‘New Sharing Economy Conference at the University of Torino (Italy) on 23rd November.
  33. Calzada, I. (2015), отсоединив умный город, at the Museum of Moscow City on 31st October.
  34. Calzada, I. (2015), 10 Provocations to Design Strategies for the Future of Our (Smart) Cities, at the Open Innovation Forum 2015 in Moscow (Russia) on 29th October.
  35. Calzada, I. (2015), What Do We Talk About When We Talk About Political Innovation in the Age of Devolution? Comparing ‘Smartness’ in Scotland, Catalonia and the Basque Country, paper that will be given at Smart City-Regional Governance International Symposium at Vrije Universiteit on 8th October 2015 in Brussels (Belgium). DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2054.5687.
  36. Calzada, I. (2015), Vision of Future Cities, PechaKucha presentation delivered at the Institute for Future Cities at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow (Scotland) on 25th September 2015.
  37. Calzada, I. (2015), Foresight Project on the Future of Cities Workshop, Government Office for Science, UK Government. London (England) on 21st September 2015.
  38. Calzada, I. (2015), InFocus Smart City 2015 Conference. Yinchuan (China) on 12th September 2015.
  39. Herrschel, T. & Calzada, I. (Convenors) (2015), European City-Regions and the Re-scaling of the Nation-State: The Role of the Cities in the quest for self determination and independence, panel and call for papers that will be chaired at UACES 45th (The academic association for contemporary European Studies) 7-9 September 2015 in Bilbao (Basque Country – Spain)
  40. Calzada, I. & Herrschel, T. (2015), Benchmarking Scotland, Catalonia and the Basque Country from the Devolution, Independence and Social Innovation perspective: City-Regional Small Nations Beyond Nation-States, paper given at UACES 45th (The academic association for contemporary European Studies) on 9th September 2015 in Bilbao (Basque Country – Spain). DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2531.0321.
  41. Calzada, I. (2015), Smart Oxford Project Board: (Un)Plugging the ‘smartness’ in our cities?, presentation delivered at the Oxford Town Hall on 3rd September 2015 in Oxford (UK).
  42. Calzada, I. (2015), City, Technology & Education: A Critical & Transformational View/Ciudad, Tecnología y Educación: Mirada Crítica y Transformadora, paper given at Ceibal Foundation, on 17 June in Montevideo (Uruguay).
  43. Calzada, I. (2015), ¿De Qué Hablamos Cuando Hablamos Del Futuro de Nuestras Ciudades?/What Do We Talk About When We Talk About The Future of Our Cities?, paper given at TEDxMontevideo 2015, on 15 June in Montevideo (Uruguay).
  44. Calzada, I. (2015), Gizarte Berrikuntza Lurraldegintza Estrategikorako, at Videoconference with Andoain, Bastero Cultural Centre (Basque Country – Spain), paper given on 18 June, organised by Elhuyar Social Innovation Consultancy & Gipuzkoa Province Council.
  45. Calzada, I. (2014), #Unplugging the Smart City, paper given at the Future Cities Summit RE·WORK in London (England), on 5th December.
  46. Calzada, I. (2014), Postindependence in Scotland, Catalonia and the Basque Country. City-Regional Small Nations beyond Nation-States, paper given at the RSA Regional Studies Association Conference at the University of Sheffield (England), on 30th October.
  47. Calzada, I. (2014), Postindependence: Comparing city-regional devolution strategic scenarios in Scotland, Catalonia and the Basque Country, paper given at the Policy & Politics Conference 2014 at the University of Bristol (England), on 17th September.
  48. Calzada, I. (2014), PostIndependence and devolution strategies from a city-regional perspective. Public University in Navarra (Spain). Alkartasuna Foundation. 29th September – 1st
  49. Calzada, I. (2014), Cities and Participation Thematic Session. (Chair). Towards Living Cities Conference. Urban Regeneration Forum Bilbao-Bizkaia Architecture (Spain), 26th September 2014 and member of the Scientific Committee.
  50. Calzada, I. (2014), Smart Cities Systemic approach, paper given in Bristol (UK) in the STEEP 7th FP project Advisory Board conference in 23rd
  51. Calzada, I. (2014), Lessons from the Mondragon Co-operatives for a TransLoKal Academic Entrepreneurship, paper given at the MA Master in Social Entrepreneurship at Goldsmiths, University of London, on 7th July.
  52. Calzada, I. & Cobo, C. (2014), Unplugging: Beyond Hyper-Connected Societies, seminar paper given at the TORCH The Oxford Research Centre in the Humanities at the University of Oxford, 20th June.
  53. Calzada, I. & Björk, F.  (2014), Cross Border City-Regions Beyond Nation-States: Basque & Oresund Comparative Cases paper given at the RSA Regional Studies Association European Conference in Izmir (Turkey), 17th June.
  54. Calzada, I. (2014), City-Regional Policies, paper given at the Sharegune Workshop at the Basque Institute of Competitiveness, Orkestra – University of Deusto (Spain), 26th May.
  55. Calzada, I. (2014), Smart Cities? PostIndustrial Towns FabLabs, paper given at the Local Development week in Bilbao (Spain), 8th May.
  56. Calzada, I. (2014), Critical Social Innovation in a Smart City era for a City-Regional European Horizon 2020 paper given at the St. Antony’s College, European Studies Centre, University of Oxford (UK), 29th January.
  57. Calzada, I. (2014), New Roles for Design Museums: Postcrisis Museums as the Community-driven Social Innovation Centres paper given at the Design Museums for the 21st Century Conference. University of Southern Denmark, Kolding (Denmark), 23th January.
  58. Calzada, I. (2014), Balance and Imbalance Territorial Development Strategies, paper given at Klimagune 2013 Workshop entitled Opportunities, Challenges and Barriers for Transitions Towards Sustainability in the Context of Climate Change, Bilbao, 19th December.
  59. Calzada, I. (2013), The Future of City-Regions <> Comparative Territorial Benchmarkingpaper given at the Conference Proceedings of the Regional Studies Association RSA Winter Conference November 2013. London (UK), 22nd November. ISBN: 978-1-897721-45-2.
  60. Calzada, I. (2013), Do Social Networks provoke Civil Transformation? paper given at the Statutory Parliament Conference. University of Navarra. Pamplona (Spain), 7th November.
  61. Calzada, I. (2013), PostCrisis Alternatives for the Museums: Towards a Networked-driven Museum Management Model, paper given at the University of Navarra, Pamplona (Spain), 8th November.
  62. Calzada, I. (2013), Basque & Oresund Comparative Territorial Benchmarking, paper given at the Future of Cities Programme’s Flexible City International Symposium, University of Oxford (UK), 24th October.
  63. Calzada, I. (2013), Regional Policy, Governance & Social Innovation from the Action Research approach paper given at the Regional Innovation Policy RIP 2013, organized by Orkestra- Basque Institute of Competitiveness, University of Deusto. St. Sebastian (Spain)[1], 10th October. [1] https://sites.google.com/a/orkestra.deusto.es/rip_2013/
  64. Calzada, I. & Casado, A. (2013), Basque & Iceland Connection, paper given at the Philosophy Department, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, September 27th.
  65. Calzada, I. (2013), Neighbourhoods: The ethnographic of the Lindangen paper given at the ASCI Aalto Camp for Societal Innovation, Malmö (Sweden)[1], August 26th. [1] http://socialinnovation.se/en/news/acsi2013/welcome-to-acsi-2013/
  66. Calzada, I. (2013), Entrepreneurs & Territories, paper given at the Research Symposium Skool Centre for Entrepreneurship, Säid Business School, University of Oxford (UK), 23rd July.
  67. Calzada, I. (2013), Highlighting the Territory & Social Innovation importance in the Mondragon case. paper given at the EMES 4th International Research Conference on Social Entreprise, Liege (Belgium). 1st July.
  68. Calzada, I., Chautón, A. and Di Siena, D. (2013), Macro Meso Micro, scales in the social transformation paper given at the Open Madrid Summer School, Madrid (Spain), 26th June.
  69. Calzada, I. & Björk, F. (2013), Basque & Oresund Connection from the Social Innovation, paper given at San Telmo Museum, St. Sebastian (Spain), 8th May.
  70. Calzada, I. (2013), Balance and Imbalance in the City-Regions, paper given at the University of the Basque Country. Bilbao (Spain)[1], 3rd May.
  71. Calzada, I. & Sagasti, M. (2013), Social Interaction Spaces for Entrepreneurship at the MicroUrbanism level: Basque City-Region Diagnostic Mapping Case Study paper given at the 6th International Conference for Entrepreneurship Innovation and Regional Development. Regional Economic Resilience through Innovation and Enterprise. Istambul (Turkey), 1st March.
  72. Calzada, I. (2012), Will Social Innovation Save Spain? paper given at The Hub of Islington. London (UK), 12th November.
  73. Calzada, I. (2012), Welcome to the City-Regions paper given at the Club of Rome. Spanish Contact point. Bilbao (Spain), 22nd June.
  74. Calzada, I. (2012), How could we activate Culture Citizenship across City-Regions in Europe? Spaces for Interaction & Social Entrepreneurship in a Network Territorypaper given at the Euroculture Programme, Institute of European Studies International Congress, University of Deusto. Cuadernos Europeos de Deusto. Bilbao (Spain), 20th June.
  75. Calzada, I. (2012). Digital Citizenship? Technology, Social Capital and Territory paper given at the Digital Citizenship International Congress. St. Sebastian (Spain)[4], 9th May.
  76. Calzada, I. (2011), The Basque Case Challenge & Opportunity: New Political Culture Intervention Project based on Action Research. International Congress on The Governance of the Large-Scale Projects. Hertie School of Governance. 30th Sept – 1st Oct. Berlin (Germany).
  77. Calzada, I. (2005). Sustainable Development in the City-Region: the future of work and innovation by means of creatrive communities and classes paper given at the XVI. Congreso de Estudios Vascos: Garapen Iraunkorra-IT. Etorkizuna=Desarrollo Sostenible-IT en el Futuro. Pag. 626. Bilbao (Spain), 5th March.

  1. Calzada, I. (2016), Ciencias Sociales Aplicadas: El puente para hibridar sociedad y educación, Euskonews (Eusko Ikaskuntza – Sociedad Estudios Vascos).
  2. Calzada, I. (2016), ¿Plurinacionalidad de Izquierdas? Derecho a Decidir y Ciudad, Público.es.
  3. Calzada, I. (2015), Moscú y su plaza ‘roja’ (o lo que queda de ella), El País – Seres Urbanos/Planeta Futuro.
  4. Calzada, I. (2015), ¿Tecnologías Mundanas para Ciudades Inteligentes?, El País – Seres Urbanos/Planeta Futuro.
  5. Calzada, I. (2015), Microbreweries: ¿Emprendizaje Comunitario (o hipterismo)?, El País – Seres Urbanos/Planeta Futuro.
  6. Calzada, I. (2015) ¿Smart State?, El País – Seres Urbanos/Planeta Futuro.
  7. Calzada, I. (2015), Connecting the Basque and Iceland Cases: An Ethnographic Chronicle about Democratic Regeneration. In Open Democracy and D-CENT project.
  8. Calzada, I. (2015), Hiriak eta Nazioak, Grand Place Journal. Number 3. Identities/Identitateak/Identitades.
  9. Calzada, I. (2015), Zubigintza, Berria & Norabidea.
  10. Calzada, I. (2014), Erresuma Batutik Eskoziarako trenean, demokrazia eta independentziaz idatzitako gutuna Euskal Herriarentzat(Part IV), Norabidea, EuskoNews & Aberriberri. September.
  11. Calzada, I. (2014), Postindependence in Scotland, Catalonia and the Basque Country: City-Regional Small Nations Beyond Nation-States(Part III),  The Future of the UK & Scotland: Navigate the debate, Open Democracy , The Scotsman and Politics in Spires from the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford. September. And also in TheBreaker, LSE European Politics and Policy and Democratic Audit.
  12. Calzada, I. (2014), Eskoziatik demokrazia eta independentziaz telegrama (Part II), BERRIA Basque newspaper. August.
  13. Calzada, I. (2014), Postindependencia: 10 claves para preparar el derecho a decidir en Euskal Herria y en la UE. (Part I), Euskonews Magazine, Basque Studies Society – Eusko Ikaskuntza and AberriBerri. August.
  14. Calzada, I. and Cobo, C. (2014), Unplugging > Beyond Hyper-Connected Societies. Social Innovation Europe Digital European Commission Magazine and COMPAS. June.
  15. Calzada, I. (2013), Macro. Meso. Micro. Social Innovation Europe Digital European Commission Magazine. December.
  16. Calzada, I. (2013). Critical Social Innovation for a City-Regional Europe. Social Innovation Europe Digital European Commission Magazine. December.


Dr Calzada has been lecturing from 2005 onwards in the following High Education Institutions (HEI): University of Oxford (UK), University of Strathclyde in Glasgow (UK), Aston University in Birmingham (UK), University of Mondragon (Spain), University of Nevada (USA), University of Helsinki (Finland):